Acronyms/Abbreviations

Custom extraction of both Acronyms and Abbreviations from our guideline corpus.
Acronym/Abbreviation Definition
18-OHB 18-hydroxycorticosterone
5-HT[3] 5-hydroxytryptamine-3
6-TGN 6-thioguanine
AA African American
AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
AACC acute angle-closure crisis
AAFP American Academy of Family Physicians
AAN Academy of Neurology
AAN American Academy of Neurology
AAP abiraterone with prednisone or prednisolone
AAP American Academy of Pediatrics
AAS androgenic-anabolic steroid
AASLD American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
AATS American Association for Thoracic Surgery
ABC abacavir
ABCs airway
ABG arterial blood gas
ABI Ankle brachial index
ABI ankle-brachial index
ABLC amphotericin B lipid complex
ABPA allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis
ABR auditory brainstem response
ABRS acute bacterial rhinosinusitis
Abs antibodies
ABSSSI acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections
abx antibiotics
AC allergic conjunctivitis
AC alternating current
AC anterior chamber
ac before meal
AC before meals
ACC adrenocortical carcinoma
ACC American College of Cardiology
ACCF American College of Cardiology Foundation
ACD Allergic contact dermatitis
ACE Angiotensin converting enzyme
ACE angiotensin-converting enzyme
ACE angiotensin-converting-enzyme
ACE asymptomatic cerebral embolism
ACEI Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
ACHD adult congenital heart disease
AChR acetylcholine receptor
ACIP Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices
ACIP Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (CDC)
ACLS advanced cardiac life support
ACLS advanced cardiovascular life support
ACOG American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
ACP Advance Care Planning
ACQ Asthma Control Questionnaire
ACR albumin-to-creatinine ratio
ACR American College of Rheumatology
ACS acute coronary syndrome
ACT activated clotting time
ACT Assertive community treatment
ACT Asthma Control Test
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone
AD Alzheimer's Disease
AD Atopic dermatitis
ADA Adenosine deaminase
ADA American Diabetes Association
ADA Americans with Disabilities Act
ADA With Disabilities Act
ADABG blood glucose
ADAG A1C-derived average glucose
ADHERE Acute Decompensated Heart Failure National Registry
ADI acceptable daily intake
ADL activities of daily living
ADM adalimumab
ADR adverse drug reaction
ADRDA Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association
ADT Androgen Deprivation Therapy
ADV adefovir
ADX adrenalectomy
AE adverse event
AE angioedema
AED antiepileptic drug
AED automated external defibrillator
AER albumin excretion rate
AERD aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease
AETC AIDS Education and Training Centers
AF atrial fibrillation
AF/AFL/AT atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter/atrial tachycardia
AFB Acid-fast bacilli
AFP alpha fetoprotein
AFP alphafetoprotein
AGA American Gastroenterological Association
AGA American Gastroenterological Association Institute
AGEP acute generalized exanthematous pusulosis
AGL acquired generalized lipodystrophy
AH50 Alternative pathway complement hemolysis 50%
AHA American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association
AHA American Heart Association
AHCPR Health Care Policy and Research
AHI apnea hypopnea index
AHNMD ssociated with lymphoproliferative disorders
AHR airway hyperresponsiveness
AI adequate intake
AI adrenal insufficiency
AI American Indian
AI aromatase inhibitor
AIDP Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy
AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome
AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
AIE auto-injectable epinephrine
AIMS abnormal involuntary movement scale
AIOD aortoiliac occlusive disease
AIP aryl hydrocarbon receptor interacting protein
AIT allergen immunotherapy
AIT amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis
AJC active joint count
AJCC American Joint
AJCC American Joint Committee on Cancer
AKI acute kidney injury
Al aluminum
ALA alpha lipoic acid
ALA linolenic acid
ALA omega-3 linolenic acid
ALF Acute Liver Failure
ALI acute limb ischemia
ALK anaplastic lymphoma kinase
ALKP alkaline Phosphatase
ALND axillary lymph node dissection
alpha-gal galactose-a-1
ALPS Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
ALT alanine aminotransferase
ALT alanine transaminase
AM before noon
AMA-PCPI American Medical Association-Physician Consortium for Performance Improvement
AmB amphotericin B
AmBd amphotericin B deoxycholate
AMD age-related macular degeneration
AMH anti-Muellerian hormone
AMI acute myocardial infarction
AML acute myeloid leukemia
amox amoxicillin
AMP adenosine monophosphate
AN Alaska Native
ANA anti-nuclear antibody
ANA antinuclear antibodies
ANA antinuclear antibody
ANC absolute neutrophil
ANC absolute neutrophil count
ANCA anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies
ANNA-1 Anti-Neuronal Nuclear Antibody 1
anti-HBc antibody to hepatitis B total core antigen
anti-HBc hepatitis B core antibody
anti-HBe antibody to hepatitis B e antigen
anti-HBs antibodies to hepatitis B surface antigen
anti-HBs hepatitis B surface antibody
anti-TNF anti-tumor necrosis factor
anti-VEGF anti-vascular endothelial growth factor
AOE Acute otitis externa
AOM acute otitis media
AOR adjusted odds ratio
AP Acute pancreatitis
AP allergic proctocolitis
APA aldosterone-producing adenoma
APECED Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy
APL acquired partial lipodystrophy
aPL antiphospholipid antibodies
APO apolipoprotein
ApoB apolipoprotein B
APOL1 Apolipoprotein L1
APRS Academic Performance Rating Scale
APS American Pain Society
APST autologous plasma skin test
APT atopy patch test
aPTT activated partial thromboplastic time
aPTT activated partial thromboplastin time
AR Allergic rhinitis
AR aortic regurgitation
ARB angiotensin II receptor blocker
ARB angiotensin receptor blocker
ARB angiotensin receptor blockers
ARB angiotensin-receptor blocker
ARBs angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers
ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome
AREDS Age-Related Eye Disease Study
ARF acute respiratory failure
ARIC Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities
ARNI angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor
ARNI angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor
ARR aldosterone-to-renin ratio
ARS acute rhinosinusitis
ART antiretroviral therapy
ARV antiretroviral
AS active surveillance
AS ankylosing spondylitis
AS aortic stenosis
ASA aspirin
ASA Society of Anesthesiologists
ASA Society of Anethesiologists
ASAM American Society of Addiction Medicine
ASAM Society of Addiction Medicine
ASAP as soon as possible
ASB catheter-associated asymptomatic bacteriuria
ASCO American Society of Clinical Oncology
ASCVD atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
ASH American Society of Hematology
ASMA anti-smooth muscle antibodies
ASP antibiotic stewardship program
ASP Average Sales Price
ASPAN American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
ASPECTS Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score
ASPs antibiotic stewardship programs
ASST autologous serum skin test
AST Active surveillance testing
AST alanine serum transferase
AST aspartate aminotranserase
AST aspartate aminotransferase
AT Ataxia-telangiectasia
AT Atrial tachycardia
ATA American Thyroid Association
ATA Association Largest tinnitus
ATC anaplastic thyroid carcinoma
ATG anti-thymocyte globulin
ATP Adult Treatment Panel
ATP antitachycardia pacing
ATS American Thoracic Society
ATV atazanavir
ATV/c cobicistat-boosted atazanavir
ATV/r ritonavir-boosted atazanavir
AUA America Urological Association
AUA American Urologic Association
AUC area under the curve
AUC area under the time vs. serum concentration curve
AUD Alcohol Use Disorder
AUS/FLUS atypia of undetermined significance/follicular lesion of undetermined significance
AV arteriovenous
AV atrioventricular
AVA aortic valve area
AVAi aortic valve area indexed to body surface area
AVNRT atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia
AVR (open) aortic valve replacement
AVR aortic valve replacement
AVRT atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia
AVS adrenal venous sampling
AZA azathioprene
AZA azathioprine
b-HB b-hydroxybutyrate
b2 beta agonist
BAH bilateral adrenal hyperplasia
BAL and bronchoalveolar lavage
BAL bronchoalveolar lavage
BAS Bile Acid Sequestrants
BCG Bacillus Calmette-Guerin
BCLC Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer
BCS breast-conserving surgery
BCVA best corrected visual acuity
BDD Body Dysmorphic Disorder
BDNF brain-derived neurotrophic factor
BG blood glucose
BIC bictegravir
BiCROS bilateral contralateral routing of signal
bid twice a day
bid twice daily
bid two times a day
BIPAP bilevel positive airway pressure
BiVAD biventricular assist device
BLT bow and lean test
BM bone marrow
BMA bone-modifying agents
BMAH bilateral macronodular adrenal hyperplasia
BMD bone mineral density
BMI Body mass index
BMI body mass index (kg/m2)
BMS bare-metal stent
BMT bone marrow transplant
BNP B-type natriuretic peptide
BNP brain natriuretic peptide
BP blood pressure
bpm beats per minute
BPPV Benign Paroxysmal Position Vertigo
BPPV benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
BPRS Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale
Bq Becquerel
BR Response Biochemical
BS blood sugar
BSA body surface area
BSFS Bristol Stool Form Scale
BTE Behind the Ear
BTK Bruton tyrosine kinase
BTT bridge to transplantation
BTxB botulinum toxin type B
BU Bethesda Unit
BUN blood urea nitrogen
Bx biopsy
BZA bazedoxifene
C cholesterol
C cornea
C&S culture and sensitivity
C282Y Cys282Tyr mutation
Ca calcium
CA community-associated
CA-MRSA community-acquired MRSA[
CA-MRSA community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
CA-MRSA community-associated MRSA[
CA-UTI catheter-associated urinary tract infection
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CABG coronary artery bypass grafting
CAC coronary artery calcium
CaCO3 Calcium carbonate
CAD coronary artery disease
CAH Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
CAM complementary and alternative medicine
CAN cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy
CAP American Society of Clinical Oncology and College of American Pathologists
CAP community-acquired pneumonia
CAPD chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
CAPS Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome
CARD Caspase recruitment domain
cART combination antiretroviral therapy
CAS carotid angioplasty and stenting
CAS carotid artery stenting
CASP10 Caspase 10
CASP8 Caspase 8
CASPR California Acute Stroke Pilot Registry
CB ciliary body with ciliary processes
CBA colistin-base activity
CBC complete blood cell count
CBC complete blood count
CBG corticosteroid binding globulin
CBT Cognitive behavior therapy
CBT cognitive behavioral therapy
CBZ carbamazepine
CC chronic constipation
CCA common carotid artery
CCB calcium channel blocker
CCH Cell hyperplasia
CCO Cancer Care Ontario
CCP Cyclic citrullinated peptide
CCP cyclic citrullinated peptides
CCPA Chronic Cavitary Pulmonary Aspergillosis
CCR5 C chemokine receptor type 5
CCR5 CC chemokine receptor 5
CCS Canadian Cardiovascular Society
CCT captopril challenge test
CCTA cardiac computed tomography angiography
CCTA coronary CT angiography
CCTA coronary/cardiac computed tomography angiography
CCW Chronic Condition Warehouse
CD Crohn's disease
CD Cushing's disease
CD20i CD20 inhibitor
CD4 CD4 T lymphocyte
CD40L CD40 ligand
CD45 protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type C
CDAI Clinical Disease Activity Index
CDC Center for Disease Control
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CDI Clostridium difficile infection
cDMARDs conventional disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs
CE carcinoembryonic antigen
CEA After carotid endarterectomy
CEA carcinoembryonic antigen
CEA carotid endarterectomy
CEAP Clinical Class
CEE conjugated equine estrogens
CEP17 centromeric probe for chromosome 17
CETP cholesteryl ester transfer protein
cf continuous flow
CF cystic fibrosis
CFA common femoral artery
CFHR Complement factor H-related protein
CFRD cystic fibrosis-related diabetes
cfu colony-forming units
CFU/g colony-forming units per gram of tissue
CGD chronic granulomatous disease
CGL congenital generalized lipodystrophy
CGM continuous glucose monitoring
CH Cluster headache
CH50 Classical pathway complement hemolysis 50%
CH50 total hemolytic complement
CHA2DS2-VASc Congestive heart failure
CHAARTED Chemohormonal Androgen Ablation Randomized Trial
CHADS2 Congestive heart failure
CHARGE Coloboma
CHARM Candesartan in Heart Failure: Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and Morbidity
CHD congenital heart disease
CHD coronary heart disease
ChEI cholinesterase inhibitor
CHEST American College of Chest Physicians
CHEST The American College of Chest Physicians
CHF congestive heart failure
CHH Cartilage-hair hypoplasia
CHL conductive hearing loss
CHO carbohydrate
CHS Cardiovascular Health Study
CHS Chediak-Higashi syndrome
CI confidence interval
Ci curie
CIC in the Canal
CID Combined immunodeficiency
CIDT culture independent diagnostic testing
CIED cardiac implantable electronic device
CIED cardiovascular implantable electronic device
CII continuous [40]*insulin infusion
CIMT carotid intima-media thickness
CIN cervical intraepithelial dysplasia
CINCA Chronic infantile neurocutaneous articular
CIS carcinoma in situ
CISNE Clinical Index of Stable Febrile Neutropenia
CIU chronic idiopathic urticaria
CK creatine kinase
CK-MB creatine kinase myocardial isoenzyme
CK-MB creatine kinase-MB[
CKD chronic kidney disease
CKD-EPI Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration
Cl chloride
CL Cutaneous Leishmaniasis
CLA cutaneous lichen amyloidosis
CLABSI central line-associated blood stream infections
ClCr creatinine clearance
CLEC7A C-type lectin domain family 7
CLI critical limb ischemia
CLIA Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments
CLIA/CAP Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments/College of American Pathologists
CLT cuff leak test
CM carbimazole
CM coccidioidal meningitis
CMAP compound muscle action_content potentials
CMCC Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis
CME cystoid macular edema
CMP comprehensive metabolic panel
CMR cardiac magnetic resonance
CMS U.S. Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services
CMV cytomegalovirus
CND central neck dissection
CNI calcineurin inhibitors
CNS central nervous system
CNV choroidal neovascularization
CO cardiac output
CO conscientious objection
CO conscientious objections
CO-HCFA community-onset healthcare facility-associated
CO2 carbon dioxide
cobi cobicistat
COBRA Combinatietherapie Bij Reumatoide Artritis
COE Class of Evidence
COLEC11 Collectin subfamily member 11
COME chronic otitis media with effusion
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COR Class of Recommendation
COR Classification of Recommendation
CORONA Controlled Rosuvastatin Multinational Trial in Heart Failure
COWS Clinical Opioid Withdrawal Scale
COX cyclooxygenase
COX-2 cyclooxygenase 2
COX-2 cyclooxygenase-2
COX-2 inhibitor cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor
CP contact precautions
CPA cyproterone acetate
CPAP continuous positive airway pressure
CPG clinical practice guideline
CPIS Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score
CPIS Modified Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score
CPK creatine phosphokinase
CPK creatine phosphokinsase
CPO Cardiac Power Output
CPP cerebral perfusion pressure
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CPT current procedural terminology
CR complete response
CR controlled release
Cr creatinine
CRAB hypercalcemia
CRC colorectal cancer
CrCl creatinine clearance
CRE carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae
CRMO chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis
CROS contralateral routing of signal
CRP C-reactive protein
CRP canalith repositioning procedure
CRPC castration-resistant prostate cancer
CRS chronic rhinosinusitis
CRT Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy
CRT cognitive remediation therapy
CRT-D cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator
CRT-D cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator
CRT-D cardiac resynchronization therapy with implantable cardioverter defibrillator
CRT-P cardiac resynchronization therapy-pacemaker
CRT-Pacemaker cardiac resynchronization therapy pacemaker
CS corticosteroids
CS Cushing's syndrome
CSA cyclosporin A
CSA cyclosporine
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CSF colony- stimulating factor
CSF colony-stimulating factor
CSF Signs Cerebrospinal Fluid
CSFs Colony stimulating factors
CSII continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion
CSME clinically significant macular edema
CT cardiothoracic
CT Computed tomographic
CT computed tomography
CT computerized tomography
CTA computed tomography angiography
CTI cavotricuspid isthmus
CTLA-4 cytotoxic T lymphocyte- associated protein 4
CTLA-4 cytotoxic T-cell lymphocyte-4
Ctn Calcitonin
CTPA computed tomographic pulmonary angiography
CTT Cholesterol Treatment Trialists Collaboration eGFR
CU chronic urticaria
CUA chronic urticaria and angioedema
CV cardiovascular
CVA cerebrovascular accident
CVC central venous catheters
CVD cardiovascular disease
CVID common variable immunodeficiency
CVP central venous pressure
CVT Cerebral Venous Thrombosis
CVVHD continuous venovenous hemodialysis
CW continuous wave
CWAA cell-wall active agent
CXR chest radiograph
CXR chest X-ray
CyA cyclosporine
CYC cyclophosphamide
CYP cytochrome P
CYP cytochrome P450
CYP3A4 cytochrome P450 isoenzyme 3A4
CZP certolizumab
d day
D-CK-MB delta-creatine kinase-MB[
D/C discontinue
D10W 10% dextrose solution
D25W 25% dextrose solution
D2B door-to-balloon (device)
d4T stavudine
D5W 5% dextrose in water
DA dopamine agonist
DAA direct-acting antiviral
DAPT dual antiplatelet therapy
DAPT dual-antiplatelet therapy
DAS Disease Activity Score
DASH Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension
DAT direct agglutination test
DBP diastolic blood pressure
DBS Deep brain stimulation
DCCT Diabetes Control and Complications Trial
DCDD circulatory determination of death
DCDD donation after circulatory determination of death
DCIS Ductal carcinoma in situ
DCM dilated cardiomyopathy
DD dyssynergic defecation
DD dysthmic disorder
DD dysthymic disorder
DDD defined daily dose
ddI didanosine
DDI drug-drug interactions
DDMVAC dose-dense methotrexate
DES drug-eluting stent
DES drug-eluting stent(s)
DF dominant excitation frequency
DFA direct fluorescent antibody
DFI diabetic foot infection
DFO diabetic foot osteomyelitis
DFS disease free survival
DFS disease-free survival
DFU diabetic foot ulcer
DGS DiGeorge syndrome
DHA docosahexaenoic acid
DHEA dehydroepiandrosterone
DHEA-S dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate
DHEAS dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate
DHHS US Department of Health and Human Services
DHPs dihydropyridines
DHR Dihydrorhodamine 123
DHT dihydrotestosterone
DI diabetes insipidus
DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation
DIDO door-in-door-out
DIHS drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome
DILE drug-induced lupus erythematosus
DILI Drug Induced Liver Injury
DIP distal interphalangeal joint
DIRA Deficiency of IL-1 receptor antagonist
DITRA Deficiency of IL-36 receptor antagonist
div divided
DKA diabetes ketoacidosis
DKA diabetic ketoacidosis
DKC Dyskeratosis congenita
DKD Diabetic Kidney Disease
DLCO diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide
DLCO diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide
DLCO transfer factor of the lung for carbon monoxide
DLCO2 diffusion capacity for carbon dioxide
DM dextromethorphan
DM diabetes mellitus
DMARD Disease Modifying Antirheumatic Drug (includes hydroxychloroquine
DMARD disease-modifying antirheumatic drug
DMARD disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs
DMARD disease-modifying antirrheumatic drug
DMARDs disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs
DMARDs disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs
DME diabetic macular edema
DME durable medical equipment
dMMR mismatch repair-deficient
DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid
DNR do not resuscitate
DOCK8 Dedicator of cytokinesis 8
DOD Department of Defense
DOT days of therapy
DOT directly observed therapy
DP pressure gradient
DPI daily powder inhaler
DPI dry powder inhaler
DPN diabetic peripheral neuropathy
DPNP diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain
DPP-4 dipeptidyl peptidase 4
DPP-4 dipeptyl peptidase 4
DPP-4-i DPP-4 inhibitor
DPUA delayed pressure urticaria/angioedema
DRC direct renin concentration
DRE digital rectal examination
DRESS drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms
DRESS drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms
DRESS drug-related rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms
DRI Dietary Reference Intakes
DRS Diabetic Retinopathy Study
DRV darunavir
DRV/c cobicistat-boosted darunavir
DRV/r ritonavir-boosted darunavir
DS duodenal switch
DSE dobutamine stress echocardiogram
DSE dobutamine stress echocardiography
DSEK Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty
DSM Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
DSM-5 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
DSME Diabetes Self Management Education
DSME diabetes self-management education
DSMS diabetes self-management support
DSP drospirenone
DT diphtheria and tetanus toxoids (pediatric formulation)
DT diphtheria-tetanus vaccine
DTaP diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis (pediatric formulation)
DTaP diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccine
DTC differentiated thyroid cancer
DTC differentiated thyroid carcinoma
DTG dolutegravir
DTPI deep-tissue pressure injury
DUS duplex ultrasound
DVT deep vein thrombosis
DVT deep veinthrombosis
DVT deep venous thrombosis
DW dosing weight
Dx diagnosis
DXA dual x-ray absorptiometry
DXA dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry
DXA dualenergy X-ray absorptiometry
DxWBS diagnostic whole body scan
E estrogen
E2 17-B [24]*estradiol
E2 estradiol
EA early antigen
eAG estimated average glucose
EAS ectopic ACTH secretion
EAS European Atherosclerosis Society
EASL European Association for the Study of the Liver
EAU European Association of Urology
EBRT external beam radiotherapy
EBSLN external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve
EBV Epstein-Barr virus
ECCE extracapsular cataract extraction
ECG electrocardiogram
ECG electrocardiogram/electrocardiographic
ECG electrocardiograph
ECG electrocardiographic
ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
ECOG Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
ECT ecarin clotting time
ECT electroconvulsive therapy
ED emergency department
ED erectile dysfunction
EDS excessive daytime sleepiness
EDV end-diastolic velocity
EE erosive esophagitis
EE ethinyl estradiol
EEG electroencephalogram
EF ejection fraction
EFFECT Enhanced Feedback for Effective Cardiac Treatment
EFV efavirenz
EG Eosinophilic gastroenteritis
EGD esophagogastric distension
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
EGFR epidermal growth factor receptor
eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate
EGM electrogram
EIA enzyme immunoassay
EIA enzyme immunoassays
EIA exercise-induced anaphylaxis
EIAn exercise-induced anaphylaxis
EIB exercise-induced bronchoconstriction
EKG electrocardiogram
EKG electrocardiograph
ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
EM Erythema multiforme
EMA European Medicines Agency
EMB ethambutol
EMG electromyogram
EMG electromyography
EMI electromagnetic interference
EML Essential Medicines List
EMLA lidocaine and prilocaine topical anesthetic
EMS emergency medical services
EMS emergency medical/transport services
EN enteral nutrition
ENoG electroneuronography
ENT ear
EoE eosinophilic esophagitis
EP electrophysiological
EP expert panel
EPA eicosapentaenoic acid
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
EPA and DHA long-chain omega-3 fatty acids
EPCAM epithelial cell adhesion molecule
EPD extended pleurectomy/decortication
EPP either extrapleural pneumonectomy
EPP extrapleural pneumonectomy
EPS extracellular polymeric substance
EPS extrapyramidal symptoms
EPT estrogen plus progestogen therapy
ER emergency room
ER estrogen receptor
ER extended release
ERC Evidence Review Committee
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
ERI elective replacement indicator
ERI elective replacement interval
ERO effective regurgitant orifice
ERS European Respiratory Society
ES Endocrine Society
ES evidence statement
ESBL extended-spectrum b-lactamase
ESBL extended-spectrum beta-lactamase
ESC European Society of Cardiology
ESCAPE Evaluation Study of Congestive Heart Failure and Pulmonary Artery Catheterization Effectiveness
ESM ethosuximide
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESRD end-stage renal disease
ET endotracheal tube
ET estrogen therapy
ETDRS Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study
ETE extrathyroidal extension
ETEC enterotoxigenic E. coli
EtG ethyl glucuronide
ETN etanercept
EtOH ethyl alcohol or ethanol
ETR etravirine
EtS ethyl sulfate
ETT exercise treadmill test
ETV entecavir
EULAR European League Against Rheumatism
EUS endoscopic ultrasonography
EV Epidermodysplasia verruciformis
EVAR endovascular aneurysm repair
EVG elvitegravir
EVG/c cobicistat-boosted elvitegravir
EVH eucapnic voluntary hyperpnea
EVT endovascular therapy
FA FOOD ALLERGY
FAAN Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network (now Food Allergy
FAB functional abdominal bloating
FACBC 18F-flucicovine
FAD functional abdominal distention
FAQ functional activities questionnaire
FBD functional bowel disorder
FC Functional Constipation
FCAS Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome
FDA Federal Drug Administration
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration
FDA US Food and Drug Administration
FDEIA food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis
FDG 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose
FDr functional diarrhea
Fe iron
FEIBA Factor Eight Inhibitor Bypassing Activity
FeNO exhaled nitric oxide fraction
FEUA fractional excretion of uric acid
FEV1 forced expiratory volume in 1 sec
FEV1 forced expiratory volume in 1 second
FEV1 forced expiratory volume in one second
FEV1/FVC ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second to forced vital capacity
FEV[1] forced expiratory volume in 1 second
FE[phos] fractional excretion of phosphate
FFP fresh frozen plasma
FFR fractional flow reserve
FH familial hypercholesterolemia
FH-I -II
FHA functional hypothalamic amenorrhea
FHL Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis
FHx family history
FIQ Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire
FISH fluorescence in situ hybridization
FISH fluorescent in situ hybridization
FIT fecal immunochemical test
FLACS femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery
FLAIR fluid attenuated inversion recovery
FLP fasting lipid panel
FMC first medical contact
FMF familial Mediterranean fever
FMP final menstrual period
FMT fecal microbiota transplantation
FN false negative
FN febrile neutropenia
FN/SFN follicular neoplasm/suspicious for follicular neoplasm
FNA Fine needle aspiration
FNA fine-needle aspiration
FOXP3 Forkhead box protein 3
FP false positive
FPG fasting plasma glucose
FPIES food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome
FPLD familial partial lipodystrophy
FPOD femoropopliteal occlusive disease
FPV fosamprenavir
FSGS focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
FSH follicle stimulating hormone
FSH follicle-stimulating hormone
FST fludrocortisone suppression test
FT free testosterone
FT4 (plasma) free thyroxine
fT4 free thyroxine
FTC emtricitabine
FTC Follicular thyroid cancer
FTC follicular thyroid carcinoma
FTMH full-thickness macular hole
FU follow-up
FUT furosemide upright test
FVC forced vital capacity
Fx's bone fractures
g gram
G-CSF granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
G1 Grade 1
G2 Grade 2
G3 Grade 3
G4 Grade 4
G6PD glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
G6PDH Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
GA geriatric assessment
GABA gamma-amino-butyric acid
GABHS group A b-hemolytic streptococcus
GAD glutamate decarboxylase
GAS Group A b-hemolytic streptococcus
GBP gabapentin
GBS Guillain-Barre Syndrome
GC glucocorticoid
GC glucocorticoids
GCSF granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
GCT Glucose challenge test
GD Gender dysphoria
GD/GI gender dysphoria/gender incongruence
GDH glutamate dehydrogenase
GDM Gestational diabetes mellitus
GDMT guideline determined medical therapy
GDMT guideline-directed management and therapy
GDMT guideline-directed medical therapy
GDS Geriatric Depression Scale
GE gastroesophageal
GERD gastro-esophageal reflux disease
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GFR glomerular filtration rate
GFV graft flow velocity
GGT g-glutamyl transferase
GH Growth hormone
GHBP growth hormone binding protein
GHD Growth Hormone Deficiency
GHIS growth hormone insensitivity syndrome
GHR growth hormone receptor
GHRH growth hormone-releasing hormone
GI gastrointestinal
GI Gender incongruence
GI glycemic index
GINA Global Initiative for Asthma
GIOP glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis
GIP gastric inhibitory polypeptide
GIP glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide
GIP glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide
GLP-1 glucagon-like peptide 1
GLP-1 glucagon-like peptide-1
GLP-1-RA GLP-1 receptor agonist
GLP-1-RA glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist
GLT glucose load test
GM galactomannan
GM-CSF granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor
GM-CSF granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor
gm/day grams per day
gm/kg grams per kilogram
GN glomerulonephritis
GNR Gram-negative rod
GnRH gonadotropin-releasing hormone
GOL golimumab
GP glycoprotein
GPC Giant Papillary Conjunctivitis
GPC Gram-positive cocci
GPI glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor
GPI glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol
GPR good practice recommendation
GRA glucocorticoid remediable aldosteronism
GRACE Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events
GRADE Grading of Recommendations Assessment
GRAS generally recognized as safe
GS gastric sleeve
GS Griscelli syndrome
GSM genitourinary syndrome of menopause
GU genitourinary
GVHD graft versus host diseases
GVHD graft-versus-host disease
GVHD graft-vs-host disease
GWG gestational weight gain
Gy Gray
H high
h hour
h hour(s)
h hours
H&P history and physical
H2 histamine-2
H2RA histamine2-receptor blockers
H63D His63Asp mutation
HA hypothalamic amenorrhea
HA-MRSA healthcare-associated MRSA[
HA-MRSA hospital-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
HAART highly active antiretroviral therapy
HAD HIV-associated dementia
HAE hereditary angioedema
HAMP hepcidin
HAP hospital-acquired pneumonia
HAQ Health Assessment Questionnaire
HAQ-DI Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index
HAS-BLED Hypertension
HAT and hearingassistive technology
HAT hearing-assistive technology
HAV hepatitis A virus
Hb hemoglobin
HbA1C hemoglobin A1C
HbA1c hemoglobin A1c (glycohemoglobin)
HBcAb antibody to hepatitis B total core antigen
HBcAb hepatitis B core antibody
HBeAg hepatitis B e antigen
HBO hyperbaric oxygen
HBOT hyperbaric oxygen therapy
HBsAb hepatitis B surface antibody
HBsAg hepatitis B surface antigen
HBV hepatitis B virus
HC hormonal contraceptive
HCC and hepatocellular carcinoma
HCC hepatocellular carcinoma
HCC of hepatocellular carcinoma
hCG human chorionic gonadotropin
HCM hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
HCO3 bicarbonate
HCP health care personnel
HCP health care practitioner
HCP health care professional
HCP healthcare providers
HCQ hydroxychloroquine
Hct hematocrit
HCTZ hydrochlorthiazide
HCV hepatitis C virus
HD hemodialysis
HD High Dose
HD Hirschsprung's Disease
HDL high-density lipoprotein
HDL high-density lipoprotein cholesterol
HDL-C high density lipoprotein cholesterol
HDL-C high density lipoprotein-cholesterol
HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol
HDV hepatitis D virus
HELLP Hemolysis
HepA hepatitis A vaccine
HEPA high-efficiency particulate air
HepB hepatitis B vaccine
HER2 human epidermal growth factor receptor 2
HER2+ human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive
HES hydroxyethyl starch
HES hypereosinophilic syndrome
HF heart failure
HFA Heart Failure Association
HFA hydrofluoroalkane
HFmrEF heart failure with mid-range ejection fraction
HFpEF heart failure with preserved ejection fraction
HFrEF heart failure with reduced ejection fraction
Hgb hemoglobin
HgbA1c glycated hemoglobin
HgbA1C hemoglobin A1C
HGVS Human Genome Variation Society
HH Hereditary hemochromatosis
HHF Hearing Health Foundation
HHV6 human herpesvirus 6
Hib Haemophilus influenzae type B
Hib Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine
HIC hepatic iron concentration
HIDS Hyper-IgD syndrome
HIES Hyper-IgE syndrome
HIM Hyper-IgM syndrome
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HIV-1 HIV type 1
HIV/AIDS human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
HIVAN HIV-associated nephropathy
HIVMA HIV Medicine Association
HJV hemojuvelin
HLA human leukocyte antigen
HLH Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis
HNSCC squamous cell carcinoma
HO-CDI healthcare facility-onset C. difficile infection
HOB head of bed
HP Helicobacter pylori
HPA hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal
hpf high-power field
HPLC high-performance liquid chromatography
HPO hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian
HPS Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome
HPTH hyperparathyroidism
HPV Human papilloma virus
HPV human papillomavirus
HPV2 bivalent human papillomavirus vaccine
HPV4 quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine
HQ hydroxychloroquine
HR hazard ratio
HR heart rate
HR+ hormone receptor-positive
HRCT high-resolution computed tomography
HRQOL health-related quality of life
hrs hours
HRT hormone replacement therapy
HRV heart rate variability
hs-CRP high-sensitivity C-reactive protein
HSCT hematopioetic stem cell transplant
HSCT Hematopoietic stem cell therapy
HSCT hematopoietic stem cell transplant
HSCT hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
HSCT hematopoietic stem cell transplantation HIV
HSD hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase
HSE herpes simplex encephalitis
HSR hypersensitivity reaction
HSV Herpes simplex virus
HSV herpes simplex viruses
HSV Herpes simplexvirus
HT hormone therapy
HT hypertension
HTLV human T-cell lymphotropic virus
HTN hypertension
HU Hounsfield units
HUS Hemolytic uremic syndrome
HUVS Hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis syndrome
hydral-nitrates hydralazine and isosorbide dinitrate
hyper-IgD hyper-IgD syndrome with periodic fever
HZ Herpes zoster
I iris
I & D incision and drainage
I-PRESERVE Irbesartan in Heart Failure With Preserved Heart Function
IA inflammatory arthritis
IA intra articular
IA Invasive Aspergillosis
IABP intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation
IABP intra-aortic balloon pump
IACUC Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee
IADPSG International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups
IAH idiopathic adrenal hyperplasia
IBCG International Bladder Cancer Group
IBD Inflammatory bowel disease
IBIS International Breast Intervention Study
IBS Irritable bowel syndrome
IBS-C irritable bowel syndrome with constipation
IBS-C irritable bowel syndrome with constipation-predominant symptoms
IBS-D irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea
IBS-D irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea-predominant symptoms
IBS-M irritable bowel syndrome with constipation and diarrhea
IBS-M irritable bowel syndrome with mixed pattern
IBS-U irritable bowel syndrome unclassified
IBW ideal body weight
IC Informed Consent
IC Intermittent Claudication
ICA internal carotid artery
ICA Isolated congenital asplenia
ICD implantable cardioverter defibrillator
ICD implantable cardioverter defibrillators
ICD implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
ICD International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems
ICD-9 International Classification of Diseases - Ninth Revision
ICD4L Idiopathic CD4 lymphopenia
ICE iridocorneal endothelial
ICF Immunodeficiency
ICG indocyanine green
ICH intracranial hemorrhage
ICH intracranial hypertension
ICP intracranial pressure
ICPi immune checkpoint inhibitor
ICS inhaled corticosteroid
ICS inhaled corticosteroids
ICU intensive care unit
ICU intensive care units
ICUD International Consultation on Urological Diseases
ID infectious disease
IDCF immunodiffusion complement-fixing (anticoccidioidal antibodies)
IDEAL Incremental Decrease through Aggressive Lipid Lowering study
IDF International Diabetes Federation
IDSA Infectious Diseases Society of America
IDV integrase strand transfer inhibitor
IE infective endocarditis
IFA immunofluorescence antigen
IFA indirect fluorescent antibody
IFG impaired fasting glucose
IFIS intraoperative floppy iris syndrome
IFN interferon
IFN-a interferon-alpha
IFN-g interferon g
IFN-g Interferon gamma
IFNGR IFN-g receptor
Ig immune globulin
IG Interpretive Guidance
IgA immunoglobulin A
IGC International Guidelines Center
IgE immunoglobulin E
IGF insulin-like growth factor
IGF insulinlike growth factor
IGF-1 insulin-like growth factor-1
IgG immunogloblulin G
IgG immunoglobulin G
IGGSD IgG subclass deficiency
IgM immunoglobulin M
IGRA interferon-g release assay
IGRA Interferon-gamma release assay
IGT impaired glucose tolerance
IHA idiopathic hyperaldosteronism
IHC immunohistochemical
IHC immunohistochemistry
IHD Ischemic Heart Disease
III of MRSA infections
IIV inactivated influenza vaccine
IIV Influenza virus vaccine
IKBA Inhibitor of kB a chain
IKBKG Inhibitor of kB kinase g chain
IL interleukin
IL intralesional
IL-1 interleukin-1
IL12/23i interleukin 12/23 inhibitor
IL17i interleukin 17 inhibitor
IL17RA IL-17 receptor a chain gene
IL2RG Interleukin 2 receptor subunit gamma gene
IL6i interleukin 6 inhibitor
ILD interstitial lung disease
ILM internal limiting membrane
ILR implantable loop recorder
IM intramuscular
IM intramuscularly
IMA inferior mesenteric artery
IMAGe intrauterine growth restriction
IMRT intensity-modulated radiation therapy
IMT Implantable Miniature Telescope(TM)
INA intranasal antihistamines
IND Investigational New Drug
INF infliximab
information which may include data supplements
inh inhalation
INH inhibitor
INH isoniazid
inhibitors angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
INR international normalised ratio
INR international normalized ratio
INS intranasal steroids
INSTI integrase strand transfer inhibitor
INTERMACS Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support
IOL intraocular lens
IOM Institute of Medicine
IOP intraocular pressure
IOP of intraocular pressure
IPA Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis
IPC Infection Prevention and Control
IPEX Immunodeficiency
IPF Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
IPL intense pulsed light
IPPB intermittent positive pressure breathing
IPSS inferior petrosal sinus sampling
IPSS International Prostate Symptom Score
iPTH intact parathyroid hormone
IPV inactivated polio vaccine
IPV inactivated poliovirus vaccine
IQR interquartile range
IR immediate release
IR inadequate response
irAE immune-related adverse event
IRAK IL-1 receptor-associated kinase
IRIS immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome
IS ischemic stroke
ISH in situ hybridization
ISN/RPS International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society
ISR in-stent restenosis
ISS Idiopathic Short Stature
ISSNHL idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss
IST Inappropriate sinus tachycardia
IT information technology
IT intra-tympanic
ITC In the Canal
ITC iridotrabecular contact
ITCH Itchy E3 ubiquitin protein ligase
ITK IL-2-inducible T-cell kinase
ITP idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
IU international unit
IU international units
IU/L international units per liter
IUD intrauterine device
IV intraenous
IV intravenous
IVC inferior vena cava
IVF in vitro fertilization
IVIG intravenous immune globulin
IVIG Intravenous immunoglobulin
IVs intravenous lines
IWGDF International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot
JIA juvenile idiopathic arthritis
JIA juvenille idiopathic arthritis
JVP jugular venous pressure
K potassium
K+ potassium
KAS Key Action Statement
KAS Key Action Statements
KAS key action_content statement
KCC Kings College Criteria
kg kilogram
KPC Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase
KPC Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase-producing bacteria
KRAS Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog
KS Klinefelter syndrome
L lens
L low
LA left atrial
LA left atrial/left atrium
LA left atrium
LA left atrium/atrial
LA-A&B Los Angeles Classification grades A & B (none
LAA left atrial appendage
LABA long acting b2 agonist
LABA long-acting b-agonist
LABA long-acting b[2]-agonist
LABA long-acting b[2]-agonists
LAD left anterior descending
LAD left anterior descending coronary artery
LAD Leukocyte adhesion deficiency
LAGB laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding
LAIV Live attenuated influenza vaccine
LAM lamivudine
LAMA long-acting muscarinic antagonist
LAR long-acting release
LASIK laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis
LATITUDE A Study of Abiraterone Acetate Plus Low-Dose Prednisone Plus Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT) Versus ADT Alone in Newly Diagnosed Participants With High-Risk
LBBB left bundle branch block
LBBB left bundle-branch block
LBM lean body mass
LBP Low back pain
LC lens capsule
LD Lactate dehydrogenase
LD loading dose
LDH lactate dehydrogenase
LDL low-density lipoprotein
LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
LdT telbivudine
LE life expectancy
LE lower extremity
LEF leflunomide
LEMS Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome
LFAmB lipid formulations of AmB
LFT liver function test
LFT liver function tests
LFTs liver function tests
LGA large-for-gestational-age/macrosomia
LH luteinizing hormone
LH lutenizing hormone
LIG4 DNA ligase IV[
LIMA left internal mammary artery
LLN lower limit of normal
LLRs large local reactions
LMWH low molecular weight heparin
LMWH low-molecular-weight heparin
LN Lupus Nephritis
LN lymph node
LN lymph nodes
LND lymph node dissection
LNorg levonorgestrel
LOD limit of detection
LOE Level of Evidence
Lp(a) lipoprotein(a)
LPI laser peripheral iridotomy
LPR laryngopharyngeal reflux
LPR4 lipoprotein related 4
LPV lopinavir
LPV/r ritonavir-boosted lopinavir
LT3 liothyronine
LT4 levothyroxine
LTB4 leukotriene B4
LTBI latent tuberculosis infection
LTC long-term care
LTG lamotrigine
LTR life-threatening reaction
LTRA leukotriene receptor antagonist
LUTS lower urinary tract symptoms
LV left ventricle
LV left ventricle/left ventricular
LV left ventricular
LV leftventricular
LVAD left ventricular assist device
LVEDD left ventricular end-diastolic dimension
LVEF left ventricle ejection fraction
LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction
LVESD left ventricular end-systolic dimension
LVH left ventricular hypertrophy
LVIDd left ventricular end-diastolic internal dimension
LVOT left ventricular outflow tract
LVSD left ventricular systolic dysfunction
LVT levetiracetam
LYG life years gained
M metastatic MTC[
M moderate
MACE major adverse cardiac event
MACE major adverse cardiac events
MAHA microangiopathic hemolytic anemia
MAM 6-monoacetylmorphine
MAO monoamine oxidase
MAOI monoamine oxidase inhibitor
MAP mean arterial pressure
MAPK mitogenactivated protein kinase
MAS macrophage activation syndrome
MASCC Multinational Association for Supportive Care
MASCC Multinational Association for Supportive Care in Cancer
MAT Multifocal atrial tachycardia
Max maximum
MBC metastatic breast cancer
MBCL methylbenzethonium chloride
MBL mannan-binding lectin
MC2R melanocortin 2 receptor gene
MCAS Mast Cell Activating Syndrome
MCM major congenital malformation
MCM4 Minichromosome maintenance complex component 4
MCM4 minichromosome maintenance-deficient 4
mCRPC metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer
MCS mast cell stabilizing agent
MCS Mechanical circulatory support
MCT Medium chain triglyceride
MCV mean corpuscular volume
MCV4 quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine
MD maintenance dose
MD global physician global assessment
MDCT multidetector computed tomography scan
MDD major depressive disorder
MDI metered-dose inhaler
MDI multiple daily injections
MDI multiple-dose insulin
MDR multi-drug resistant
MDR multidrug resistant
MDR-E multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae
MDRO multidrug-resistant organism
MDS acute myeloid leukemia/myelodysplastic syndrome
MDS minimum data set
MDS myelodysplastic syndrome
MDS myelodysplastic syndromes
MedDRA Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities
MEDPED Make Early Diagnosis to Prevent Early Death
MEE middle ear effusion
MEE most often effusion
MELD Model for End-Stage Liver Disease
MEN multiple endocrine neoplasia
MEN1 multiple endocrine neoplasia-1
MET metabolic equivalent
METs metabolic equivalent (1 MET = 3.5 mL/kg/min oxygen uptake)
MetS metabolic syndrome
MeV million electron volts
Mg magnesium
mg milligram
mg milligram(s)
mg milligrams
MG Myasthenia Gravis
mg/dL milligrams per deciliter
mg/kg milligrams per kilogram
MGD meibomian gland dysfunction
MGFA Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America
MHC Major histocompatibility complex
MHD monohydroxy derivative
MHP mental health professional
MHT menopausal hormone therapy
MI myoardial infarction
MI myocardial infarction
MI myocardial infarction MNT
MIA multiple intestinal atresia
MIC Minimum Inhibitory Concentration
MICA Myocardial Infarction and Cardiac Arrest
MIE mechanical insufflation/exsufflation
min minute
min minute(s)
min(s) minute(s)
MIP maximal inspiratory pressure
MIPS Merit-based Incentive Payment System
mL milliliter
ML Mucosal Leishmaniasis
MLST multiple sleep latency test
mm millimeter
MMA methyl-malonic acid
MMAS Mast Cell Activating Syndrome
MMAS monoclonal mast cell activating syndrome
MMF mycophenolate mofetil
MMI methimazole
MMPs matrix metalloproteinases
MMR measles
MMRV measles
MMRV quadrivalent MMR-varicella vaccine
MMSE Mini-Mental State Exam
MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination
MNT medical nutrition therapy
MNTT multiple daily injections
mo month
mo month(s)
MODY maturity-onset diabetes of the young
MOM milk of magnesia
mos months
MP-NAAT multiple pathogen nucleic acid amplification tests
MPA medroxyprogesterone acetate
MPA mycophenolic acid
mPAP mean pulmonary artery pressure
MPFS Medicare Physician Fee Schedule
MPGN membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
MPHD multiple pituitary hormone deficiencies
MPI myocardial perfusion imaging
MPL monophospholipid
MPM malignant pleural mesothelioma
MPS Macular Photocoagulation Study
MPS Myofascial Pain Syndrome
MPSV4 quadrivalent meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine
MR magnetic resonance
MR mineralocorticoid receptor
MR mitral regurgitation
MR(I) magnetic resonance (imaging)
MRA magnetic resonance angiography
MRA mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist
MRA MR agonist
MRAP melanocortin receptor accessory protein
mRCC metastatic RCC[
MRE magnetic resonance elastography
MRI imaging
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MRO Medical Review Officer
MRSA community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
MRSA Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus
MRSA methicillin-resistant S. aureus
MRSA methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
ms millisecond
ms milliseconds
MS mitral stenosis
MS Multiple Sclerosis
MSI-H Microsatellite instability-high
MSM men who have sex with men
MSM sex with men
MSMD Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial disease
MSMD susceptibility to mycobacterial disease
MSSA methicillin-sensitive S. aureus
MSSA methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus
MSSA methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus
MST1 Macrophage stimulating 1
Mtb Mycobacterium tuberculosis
MTC medullary thyroid cancer
MTC medullary thyroid carcinoma
MTD Mycobacteria Tuberculosis Direct
MTHFD1 Methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase (NADP+ dependent) 1
MTOR mammalian target of rapamycin
MTP microsomal triglyceride transfer protein.
MTX methotrexate
MU million units
MUFA monounsaturated fatty acid
MUGA multi-gated acquisition
MuSK muscle specific kinase
MV megavolt
mV millivolts
MV mitral valve
MVA mitral valve area
MVC maraviroc
MVI multivitamins
MVK Mevalonate kinase
MVR mitral valve replacement
MWS Muckle-Wells syndrome
MyD88 Myeloid differentiation primary response 88
N node
N/A not applicable
N/A not available
NA not available
NA nucleoside analogues
NA nucleoside/nucleotide analogue
Na sodium
NAAT nucleic acid amplification test
NAB nanoparticle albumin-bound
NAC N-acetyl cysteine
NAC N-acetylcysteine
NACT neoadjuvant chemotherapy
NAEPP National Asthma Education and Prevention Program
NAFLD non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
NAFLD nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
NAM National Academy of Medicine
NaP sodium phosphate
NARMS National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring system
NASH nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
NB No Benefit
NBS Nijmegen breakage syndrome
NCCAH for nonclassical congenital adrenal hyperplasia
NCCAH nonclassical congenital adrenal hyperplasia
NCCN National Comprehensive Cancer Network
NCEP National Cholesterol Education Program
NCGP National Glycohemoglobin Standardization Program
NCI National Cancer Institute
NCS nerve conduction study
Nd:YAG neodymium yttrium-aluminium-garnet
NDDG National Diabetes Data Group
NED no evidence of disease
NEMO Nuclear factor kB essential modulator
NERD nonerosive reflux disease
NERDS Nonhealing
Neta norethindrone acetate or norethisterone acetate
NF-kB Nuclear factor kB
NFV nelfinavir
NGSP National Glycohemoglobin Standardization Program
NHLBI National Heart
NHSN National Healthcare Safety Network
NHW non-Hibic white
NIAID National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
NICU neonatal intensive care unit
NIDA National Institute on Drug Abuse
NIF negative inspiratory force
NIH National Health Institute
NIH National Institutes of Health
NIHSS National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale
NINCDS National Institute of Neurological and Communication Disorders and Stroke
NIV non-invasive ventilation
NIV noninvasive ventilation
NK Natural killer
NK[1] neurokinin 1
NL Normal
NLA National Lipid Association
nm nonmutated
NMIBC non-muscle invasive bladder cancer
NMS neuroleptic malignant syndrome
NNRTI non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
NNRTI nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
NNS Nakajo-Nishimura syndrome
NNS nonnutritive sweeteners
NNT nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase
NNT number needed to treat
NOAC novel oral anticoagulant
NOAC(s) novel oral anticoagulants
NOD2 Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2
NOMID neonatal-onset multisystem inflammatory disease
NOMID Neonatal-onset multisystem inflammatory disorder
Non-HDL-C non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol
NOSE Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation
Nothing Found
NP-59 iodomethyl-19-norcholesterol
NPDR nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy
NPH Neutral protamine Hagedorn
NPO nothing by mouth
NPO nothing by mouth (per os)
NPUAP National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel
NPV negative predictive value
NPWT negative pressure wound therapy
NQF National Quality Forum
NQMI non-Q-wave myocardial infarction
NR not reported
NRTI nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
ns nonsignificant
NS normal saline
NSA Negative Symptoms Assessment
NSAID non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
NSAID nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug
NSAIDs Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
NSAIDs nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
NSAIDs nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs
NSCLC non-small cell lung cancer
NSCLC non-small-cell lung cancer
NSQIP National Surgical Quality Improvement Program
NSTE-ACS non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome
NSTEMI non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction
NSTI necrotizing soft tissue infections
NT-pro-BNP N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide
NT-proBNP N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide
NT-proBNP N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide
NT-proBNP N-terminal proBNP[
NTC Normal transit constipation
NTCTCSG National Thyroid Cancer Treatment Cooperative Study Group
NTG nitroglycerin
NVE native valve endocarditis
NVI neovascularization of the iris
NVO Native Vertebral Osteomyelitis
NVP nevirapine
NWCL New World cutaneous leishmaniasis
NYHA New York Heart Association
OA oral antihistamines
OA osteoarthritis
OAG open angle glaucoma
OAG open-angle glaucoma
OAR Open aneurysm repair
OAS Oral allergy syndrome
OBD Opioid bowel dysfunction
OBOT Office-Based Opioid Treatment
OC Ocular Cysticercosis
OC oral contraceptive
OC oral contraceptives
OCP oral contraceptive pill
OCS oral corticosteroids
OCT Optical coherence tomography
ODT oral dissolving tablet
OGTT oral glucose tolerance test
OGTT oral glucose tolerance test (1.75 g/kg
OHA oral hypoglycemic agent
OHP 17-hydroxyprogesterone
OHSS ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
OHTS Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study
OI opportunistic infection
OIC opioid-induced constipation
OLT orthotopic liver transplantation
OME otitis media with effusion
OMMP Ocular Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid
ONH optic nerve head
ONJ osteonecrosis of the jaw
OOWS Objective Opioid Withdrawal Scale
OP osteoporosis
OPO organ procurement organization
OPTIMIZE-HF Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients with Heart Failure
OPV oral polio vaccine
OPV Oral poliovirus vaccine
ORS oral rehydration solution
ORT Opioid Risk Tool
OS Omenn syndrome
OS ovarian function suppression
OS overall survival
OSA obstructive sleep apnea
OSR open surgical reduction
OSR open surgical repair
OTC over the counter
OTC over-the-counter
OTP Opioid Treatment Program
OTP Opioid Treatment Programs
OTS Opioid Treatment Services
OUD Opioid use disorder
OVD ophthalmic viscosurgical device
OXC oxcarbazepine
p pressure
p pulsatile
P/D pleurectomy/decortication
P4 progesterone
P53 cellular tumor antigen p53 or tumor protein p53
PA post-acute
PA posteroanterior
PA Primary aldosteronism
PA pulmonary artery
PAC plasma aldosterone concentration
PAC premature atrial contraction
PAC primary angle closure
PACU pediatric acute care unit
PAD Peripheral Arterial Disease
PAD peripheral artery disease
PAH pulmonary artery hypertension
PAI Primary adrenal insufficiency
PAL Physical Activity Levels
PAM primary acquired melanosis
PANSS Positive and Negative Symptom Scale
PANSS Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale
PAP positive airway pressure
PAP Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis
PAPA pyogenic arthritis
PAR perennial allergic rhinitis
PAS Patient Activity Scale
PAS peripheral anterior synechiae
PASP pulmonary artery systolic pressure
PAWP pulmonary artery wedge pressure
PAX8 paired box protein Pax 8 or paired box 8
PB peripheral blood
PB phenobarbital
PBPC peripheral-blood progenitor cell
PC Palliative Care
PC platelet concentrate
PC posterior chamber
PCCCL pediatric congenital cardiac catheterization laboratory
PCEF peak cough expiratory flow
PCI percutaneous coronary intervention
PCO polycystic ovaries
PCO Posterior Capsular Opacification
PCOS polycystic ovarian syndrome
PCOS polycystic ovary syndrome
PCP phencyclidine
PCP Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia
PCP pneumocystis pneumonia
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PCR protein-to-creatinine ratio
PCS primary cytoreductive surgery
PCV pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
PCV13 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
PCV13 pneumococcal conjugate vaccine 13
PCV7 7-valent PCV[
PCWP pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
PD peritoneal dialysis
PD programmed death
PD-1 programmed death 1
PD-L1 programmed death ligand 1
PDE4i phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor [[23]*apremilast]
PDGF platelet-derived growth factor
PDMP Prescription Drug Monitoring Program
PDMP prescription drug monitoring programs
PDR proliferative diabetic retinopathy
PDT photodynamic therapy
PE pulmonary embolism
PEA pulseless electric activity
PECT-CT single-photon emission tomography/computed tomography
PEDIS perfusion
PEEP positive end-expiratory pressure
PEF peak expiratory flow rate measurement
PEG percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
PEG polyethylene glycol
PEG-ELS polyethylene glycol-electrolyte lavage solution
pegIFN-a pegylated interferon-alpha
PEI percutaneous ethanol injection
PER protein excretion rate
PES paclitaxel-eluting stent
PES Pediatric Endocrine Society
PES post-extubation stridor
PET fludeoxyglucose
PET fludeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography
PET Positron emission tomography
PEX plasma exchange
PFAPA periodic fever
PFAPA Periodic fever with aphthous stomatitis
PFAPA periodic fevers with aphthous stomatitis
PFO patent foramen ovale
PFS progression-free survial
PFS progression-free survival
PG plasma glucose
PGBH post-gastric bypass hypoglycemia
PGM3 Phosphoglycerate mutase 3
PgR progesterone receptor
PH paradoxical hypertrichosis
PH Pulmonary hypertension
PHA Phytohemagglutinin
PHA-2 pseudohypoaldosteronism type 2 (familial hypertension and hyperkalemia with normal glomerular filtration rate)
PHEO pheochromocytoma
PHN post-herpetic neuralgia
PHN postherpetic neuralgia
PHP Physician Health Program
PHT phenytoin
PHTN pulmonary hypertension
PI Prescribing Information
PI protease inhibitor
PI/r ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor
PICU pediatric intensive care unit
PIDD primary immunodeficiency disease
PIDS Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
PIGFD primary IGF-I deficiency
PIP proximal interphalangeal joint
PJI Prosthetic joint infection
PJRT permanent form of junctional reciprocating tachycardia
PK pharmacokinetically
PLAID Phospholipase Cg2-associated antibody deficiency and immune dysregulation
PLATO PLATelet Inhibition and Patient Outcomes study
PLWH persons living with HIV
PM pacemaker
PM portable monitors
PMBC percutaneous mitral balloon commissurotomy
PMNs polymorphonuclear cells
PMP postmenopausal
PMS2 Postmeiotic segregation increased 2
PMT pacemaker-mediated tachycardia
PN parenteral nutrition
PN Partial nephrectomy
PNH paroxusmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
PNS penicillin-nonsusceptible
PNU protein nitrogen unit
PO by mouth
PO oral
PO orally
PO per os
POAG primary open-angle glaucoma
POC point of care
POC point-of-care
POC Practicing Ophthalmologists Curriculum
POCT point of care testing
POI primary ovarian insufficiency
POMC proopiomelanocortin
PORT Patient Outcomes Research Team
PPAR peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor
PPBG post-prandial blood glucose
PPD purified protein derivative
PPE palmoplantar erythrodysaesthesia
PPG Postprandial glucose
PPI proton pump inhibitor
PPI proton pump inhibitors
PPI proton-pump inhibitor
PPM personal protective measures
PPSV pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine
PPSV23 pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine 23
PPT Postpartum Thyroiditis
PPV positive predictive value
PPV23 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine
PR per rectum
PR progesterone receptor
PR pulmonic regurgitation
PRA plasma renin activity
PRBC packed red blood cells
pred predicted
PRES posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome
prescription URI
PRL prolactin
PRM primidone
prn as needed
PRN asneeded
PRN individualized discontinuous treatment regimen
ProACTIVE Prospective Pioglitazone Clinical Trial in Macrovascular Events
PROM predicted risk of mortality
PS pain score
PS performance status
PSA Prostate specific antigen
PSA prostate-specific antigen
PSA prostatic specific antigen
PsA psoriatic arthritis
PSC posterior subcapsular cataract
PSG polysomnography
PSI PORT Severity Index
PSIA protein synthesis-inhibiting agent
PSMA prostate-specific membrane antigen
PSMB8 Proteasome catalytic subunit b type 8
PSTPIP1 Proline-serine-threonine phosphatase interacting protein 1
PSV peak systolic velocity
PSVT paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
PT partial thromboplastin time
PT Physical therapy
PT prothrombin time
pt(s) patient(s)
PTA percutaneous transluminal angioplasty
PTB probe to bone
PTC papillary thyroid cancer
PTC papillary thyroid carcinoma
PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PTEN gene: phosphatase and tensin homolog
PTEN phosphatase and tensin homolog
PTINR Prothrombin Time and International Normalized Ratio
PTMC papillary thyroid microcarcinoma
PTT partial thromboplastin time
PTU propylthiouracil
PUA plasma concentration of uric acid
PUFA polyunsaturated fatty acid
PUPPS pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy
PV pulmonary vein
PVAD percutaneous ventricular assist device
PVC premature ventricular contraction
PVD peripheral vascular disease
PVE prosthetic valve endocarditis
PVR pulmonary vascular resistance
PVR pulse volume recording
PZA pyrazinamide
P[creat] plasma concentration of creatinine
P[phos] plasma concentration of phosphorus
q every
Q quinidine
q day daily
q12h every 12 hours
q3-4d every 3 to 4 days
q3d every 3 days
QA quality assurance
qd daily
qd once daily
qhs at bedtime
qhs bedtime
qhs every night at bedtime
QI Quality Improvement
qid 4 times a day
QID four times a day
qid four times daily
QOL Quality of Life
QOL quality of live
QTc corrected QT interval
QTc corrected QT interval (on ECG)
QwMI Q-wave myocardial infarction
R/O rule out
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RA right atrial/right atrium
RA right atrium
RA right atrium/atrial
RAAS renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system
RADAI Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Activity Index
RADAR of Disease Activity in Rheumatology
RADT rapid antigen detection test
RAG Recombination-activating gene
RAI radioactive iodine
RAI radioiodine
RAIU radioactive iodine uptake
RAL raltegravir
RAM RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method
RAP right atrial pressure
RAS rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog
RAS Ryden Aggression Scale
RBC red blood cell
RBCK1 RanBP-type and C3HC4-type zinc finger containing 1
RBCs red blood cells
RCC renal cell cancer
RCC renal cell carcinoma
RCM radiocontrast material
RCM radiocontrast media
RCRI Revised Cardiac Risk Index
RCT randomized
RCT randomized clinical trial
RCT randomized controlled trial
RCT randomized controlled trial.
RCT randomized controlled trials
RCTs randomized
RCTs randomized controlled trials
RD registered dietician
RDA recommended daily allowance
RDI respiratory disturbance index
RDN registered dietitian nutritionist
RECIST Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors
Recs recommendations
RET REarranged during Transfection
RF radio frequency
RF regurgitant fraction
RF rheumatoid factor
RF risk factor
RFA radiofrequency ablation
RFB rifabutin
RFS recurrence-free survival
rFVIIa recombinant activated factor VII[
RHC right heart catheterization
RhD Rhesus D
rhTSH Recombinant human thyroid-stimulating hormone
rhTSH recombinant human thyrotropin
RIDDLE Radiosensitivity
RIF rifampin
rK39 recombinant K39 antigen
RLN recurrent laryngeal nerve
RLQ right lower quadrant
RMR Resting Metabolic Rate
RNFL retinal nerve fiber layer
Ro/La an autoantibody system
ROR risk of recurrence
RP radical prostatectomy
RPE Retinal pigment epithelium
RPM revolutions per minute
RPR rapid plasma reagin
RPT rifapentine
rPTH recombinant parathyroid hormone 1-34
RPV rilpivirine
RR relative risk
RS recurrence score
RS rhinosinusitis
RSV Respiratory syncytial virus
RSVVRE vancomycin-resistant enterococcus
RT radiation therapy
RT radiotherapy
RT reverse transcriptase
RT-CGM real-time CGM[
rtPA recombinant tissue plasminogen activator
RTV ritonavir
RV right ventricle
RV right ventricle/right ventricular
RV right ventricular
RVH right ventricular hypertrophy
RVol regurgitant volume
RVOT right ventricular outflow tract
RVR rapid ventricular response
RVRTC raised-volume rapid thoracoabdominal compression
Rx prescription
Rx therapy
Rx treatment
RYGB Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
S sclera
S & Sx signs and symptoms
S. aureus Staphylococcus aureus
S. [aureus] Staphylococcus aureus
S/P status post
SA South Asian
SABA short acting b2 agonist
SABA short-acting b-agonist References 1. Accolate(R) [package insert]. Wilmington DE: AstraZeneca LP[
SAD Specific antibody deficiency
SAE serious adverse event
SAH subarachnoid hemorrhage
SAM Severe dermatitis
SAMHSA Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
SAP standard automated perimetry
SAP static threshold perimetry
SAR Seasonal allergic rhinitis
SAR specific absorption rate
SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
SAs South Asians
SAT self-administered therapy
SAVR surgical aortic valve replacement
SBI Screening and Brief Intervention
SBIRT Screening
SBP systolic blood pressure
SBRT stereotactic body radiation therapy
SBT spontaneous breathing trial
SbV pentavalent antimony
SC subcutaneous
SC subcutaneously
SCAI Society for Cardiac Angiography and Interventions
SCAR Severe Cutaneous Adverse Reactions
SCC squamous cell carcinoma
SCD sickle cell disease
SCD sudden cardiac death
SCFE slipped capital femoral epiphysis
SCI spinal cord injury
SCID severe combined immunodeficiency
SCIT subcutaneous immunotherapy
SCN Severe congenital neutropenia
SCr serum creatinine
SCT stem-cell transplantation
SD stable disease
SD-OCT spectral domain optical coherence tomography
SDAI Simplified Disease Activity Index
SDB sleep-disordered breathing
SDS standard deviation score
SE sleep efficiency
sec second(s)
SEC secukinumab
SERM selective estrogen receptor modulator
SERMs Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators
SES sirolimus-eluting stent
SFA seminal fluid analysis
SFA superficial femoral artery
SFN suspicious for Follicular Neoplasm
SGA small for gestational age
SGD Specific granule deficiency
SGLT sodium-glucose linked transporter
SGLT-2 sodium-glucose co-transporter 2
SGLT2 sodium-glucose linked transporter-2
SH Subclinical Hyperthyroidism
SH3BP2 SH3-domain binding protein 2
SHBG sex hormone binding globulin
SHBG sex hormone-binding globulin
SHD structural heart disease (including ischemic heart disease)
SHEA Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America
SHEA The Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America
SHL sudden hearing loss
SI Systeme International
SIGAD Selective IgA deficiency
sIgE allergen-specific IgE
SIGN Scottish Intercollegiate Guideline Network
SIHD Stable Ischemic Heart Disease
SIJ sacroiliac injections
SIR standardized infection ratio
SIRS systemic inflammatory response syndrome
SISI Short increment sensitivity index
SIT saline infusion test
SITC Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer
SJ swollen joint
SJS Stevens-Johnson syndrome
SKOT Scottish Childhood Obesity Treatment Trial
SLC46A1 Solute carrier family 46
SLE systemic lupus erythematosis
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
SLIT sublingual immunotherapy
SLK Superior Limbic Keratoconjunctivitis
SLN sentinel lymph node
SLN superior laryngeal nerve
SLN superior laryngeal nerves
SM Systemic mastocytosis
SMA superior mesenteric artery
SMBG self-monitoring blood glucose
SMD standardized mean difference
SMX-TMP sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim
SND Sinus Node Dysfunction
SNFs Skilled-nursing facilities
SNHL sensorineural hearing loss
SNP Sniff nasal pressure
SNRI Selective Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors
SNRI selective serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors
SNRI serotonin norepinephrine re-uptake inhibitor
SNRI serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor
SNRI serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor
SNRI(s) serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors
SNRIs serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors
SNRIs serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors
SOT solid organ transplant
SOWS Subjective Opioid Withdrawal Scale
SpA spondyloarthritis
SPAD specific polysaccharide antibody deficiency
SPECT single-photon emission computerized tomography
SPENCD Spondyloenchondrodysplasia with immune dysregulation
SPM second primary malignancy
SpO2 saturation of peripheral oxygen
SPP skin perfusion pressure
spp species
SPT skin puncture test
SQ sequentially
SQ subcutaneous
SQV saquinavir
SR strong
SR sustained-release
SR systematic review
SR systemic reaction
SRL somatostatin receptor ligand
SRLs somatostatin receptor ligands
SRM small renal mass
SRMs small renal masses
SRs systemic reactions
SRT stereotactic radiotherapy
SS Site Scores
SS Summary Statement
SS summary statement: UP
SSA anti-Sjoegren syndrome A antibody (anti-Ro)
SSB anti-Sjoegren syndrome B antibody (anti-La)
SSB sugar-sweetened beverages
SSBs sugar-sweetened beverages
SSI sliding scale insulin
SSI sliding-scale [44]*insulin
SSI surgical site infection
SSIs surgical site infections
SSNHL sudden sensorineural hearing loss
SSRI selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor
SSRI selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
SSRI selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors
SSRI(s) selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
SSRIs selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
SST somatostatin receptor
SSTI and Soft Tissue Infections
SSTI skin and soft tissue infection
SSTI skin and soft tissue infections
SSTI skin and soft-tissue infection
SSTIs and soft tissue infections
SSZ sulfasalazine
STAMPEDE Systemic Therapy in Advancing or Metastatic Prostate Cancer: Evaluation of Drug Efficacy
StAR steroidogenic acute regulatory protein
STAT Signal transducer and activator of transcription
STC Slow transit constipation
STD sexually transmitted disease
STDs sexually transmitted diseases
STEC Shiga toxin-producing E.coli
STEMI ST-elevation myocardial infarction
STN the subthalamic nucleus
STOP-NIDDM Study to Prevent Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
STR single-tablet regimen
STS of Thoracic Surgeons
STS Society of Thoracic Surgeons
SU sulfonylurea
subcut subcutaneous
SUD substance use disorder
SUSP suspicious
SUSP suspicious for papillary carcinoma
Sv Sievert
SVC superior vena cava
SVG saphenous vein graft
SVR sustained viral response
SVS for Vascular Surgery
SVS Society for Vascular Surgery
SVT supraventricular tachycardia
Sx symptoms
T testosterone
T 1/2 half-life
T 1/2 half-life
t1/2 half-life
T1DM type 1 diabetes mellitus
T20 enfuvirtide
T2DM type 2 diabetes mellitus
T3 triiodothyronine
T4 thyroid hormone
T4 thyroxin
T4 thyroxine
TA toxic adenoma
TA tricuspid annular
TACE transarterial chemoembolization
TACI Transmembrane activator and CAML interactor
TAF tenofovir alafenamide
TAH total artificial heart
TAP Treatment of Age-Related Macular Degeneration with Photodynamic Therapy
TASS Toxic anterior segment syndrome
TAVR transcatheter aortic valve replacement
TB tuberculosis
TBG Thyroxine binding globulin
TBI toe-brachial index
TBI traumatic brain injury
TBK1 TANK-binding kinase 1
TC Toxigenic culture
TC/Total-C total cholesterol
TCA tricyclic antidepressant
TCA(s) tricyclic antidepressants
TCAs tricyclic antidepressants
TCC total contact cast
TCD transcranial Doppler
TcPO transcutaneous oxygen pressure
TcPO2 transcutaneous oxygen pressure
TCR T-cell receptor
Td tetanus and diphtheria toxoids (adult/ adolescent formulation)
Td tetanus-diphtheria
Td tetanus-reduced diphtheria vaccine
Tdap tetanus and diphtheria toxoids and acellular pertussis (adult/adolescent formulation)
Tdap tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis
Tdap tetanus-reduced diphtheria-reduced acellular pertussis vaccine
TDD total daily dose
TDF tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
TDM therapeutic drug monitoring
TdP torsades de pointes
TEA Total Elbow Arthroplasty
TEE for transesophageal echocardiography
TEE includes transesophageal echocardiography
TEE transesophageal echocardiogram
TEE transesophageal echocardiography
TEN toxic epidermal necrolysis
TEN toxic epidermal necrosis
TENS transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
TEVAR thoracic endovascular aortic repair
TfR2 transferrin receptor-2
TFTs thyroid function tests
Tg thyroglobulin
TG triglyceride
TG triglycerides
TgAb thyroglobulin antibody
TGN 6-thioguanine
THA total hip arthroplasty
THI Transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy
THRB thyroid hormone receptor b
TIA transient ischemic attack
TIB time in bed
TICAM1 Toll-like receptor adaptor molecule 1
tid 3 times a day
tid 3 times daily
TID three times a day
tid three times daily
TIMI Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction
TIV Tracheostomy invasive ventilation
TJ tender joint
TKA total knee arthroplasty
TKI tyrosine kinase inhibitor
TKI tyrosine-kinase inhibitor
TLESR Transient Lower Esophageal Sphincter Relaxation
TLR Toll-like receptor
TM Miniature Telescope
TM tympanic membrane
TMA transmetatarsal amputation
tmax time of maximum concentration
TMC6 transmembrane channel-like 6
TMEM173 Transmembrane protein 173
TMEP telangiectasia macularis eruptiva perstans
TMNG toxic multinodular goiter
TMP-SMX trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole
TMP-SMX trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole
TMP-SMX DS trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole double strength (160/800 mg)
TmP/GFR tubular maximum for phosphate corrected for glomerular filtration rate
TMP/SMX trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole
TMR transmyocardial revascularization
TMS transcranial magnetic stimulation
TN triple negative
TNF tumor necrosis factor
TNF-a tumor necrosis factor
TNFi tumor necrosis factor inhibitor
TNFi tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors
TNFRSF TNF receptor superfamily
TNFSF TNF superfamily
TnI troponin I
TnT troponin T
TP toe pressure
TPM topiramate
TPMT thiopurine methyltransferase
TPN total parenteral nutrition
TPO thyroid peroxidase
TPOAb autoantibodies to thyroid peroxidase
TPS tumor proportion score
TPV tipranavir
TR tricuspid regurgitation
TR maxPG peak gradient of tricuspid regurgitation
TR Vmax tricuspid regurgitation peak velocity
TRa thyroid hormone receptor-a
TRAb thyrotropin receptor antibodies
TRAb thyrotropin receptor autoantibody
TRAF3 TNF receptor-associated factor 3
TRALI transfusion-related acute lung injury
TRAPS TNF receptor-associated fever syndrome
TRAPS TNF receptor-associated periodic syndrome
TRb thyroid hormone receptor-b
TREC T-cell receptor excision circle
Treg Regulatory T
TRF Teacher Report Form
TRH Thyrotropin releasing hormone
TRV tricuspid regurgitant jet velocity
TS transferrin saturation
TS tricuspid stenosis
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone.
TSH thyroid-stimulating hormone
TSH thyrotropin
TSI thyroid stimulation immunoglobulin
TSS toxic shock syndrome
TSS transsphenoidal selective adenomectomy
TST total sleep time
TST tuberculin skin test
TT thrombin time
TT total or near-total thyroidectomy
TT total testosterone
TT4 total T4
TTE over transthoracic echocardiography
TTE transthoracic echocardiogram
TTE Transthoracic echocardiography
TTE transthoracic echocardiography/echocardiogram
TTF-1 thyroid transcription factor 1
TTF1 transcription termination factor 1
TTO the middle otorrhea
TTO tympanostomy tube otorrhea
TTP Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
TTX total thyroidectomy
TUR transurethral resection
TV television
TV tricuspid valve
TVR tricuspid valve replacement
TXNRD2 thioredoxin reductase
TZD thiazolidinedione
U units
UA unstable angina
UA/NSTEMI unstable angina/non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction
UACR urine [55]*albumin-to-creatinine ratio
UAH unilateral adrenal hyperplasia
uAPR urine albumin-to-protein ratio
UDT urine drug testing
UE upper extremity
UFC urine free cortisol
UFH unfractionated heparin
UFH unfractionated herparin
UGPS Ungraded Good Practice Statement
UGT uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase
UICC American Joint Committee on Cancer/Union for International Cancer Control
UICC Union for International Cancer Control
UKPDS UK Prospective Diabetes Study
UKPDS United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study
ULN upper limit of normal
ULN upper limits of normal
ULRR upper limit of the reference range
ULT urate-lowering therapy
UP urticaria pigmentosa
UPLM unprotected left main disease
URI upper respiratory infection
UROD Ultra-Rapid Opioid Detoxification
US ultrasonography
US ultrasound
US United States
US ALFSG United States Acute Liver Failure Study Group
US CDC United States Center for Disease Control
USD United States dollars
USDA United States Department of Agriculture
USMSTF U.S. Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer
UTI urinary tract infection
UV ultraviolet
U[alb] urine concentration of albumin
U[creat] urine concentration of creatinine
U[phos] urine concentration of phosphorus
U[prot] urine concentration of protein
U[UA] urine concentration of uric acid
v velocity
V volts
V/Q ventilation-perfusion lung scan
VAD Ventricular Assist Device
VAP ventilator acquired pneumonia
VAP ventilator-associated pneumonia
VAR varicella vaccine
VAT ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis
VATS video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery
VC vital capacity
VCD vascular closure device
VCD vocal cord dysfunction
VCSS Venous Clinical Severity Scoring
VCTE vibration-controlled transient elastography
VEGF vascular endothelial growth factor
VEGF vascular endothelial growth factor receptor
VF ventricular fibrillation
VF vocal fold
VHD valvular heart disease
VIP Verteporfin in Photodynamic Therapy
VISA vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus
VIT venom immunotherapy
VKA vitamin K antagonist
VKA vitamin K antagonists
VL Visceral Leishmaniasis
VLCFA very long chain fatty acid
VLU venous leg ulcer
VMA vitreomacular adhesion
Vmax maximal velocity
VMS vasomotor symptoms
VMT vitreomacular traction
VO2 oxygen consumption
VODI Hepatic veno-occlusive disease with immunodeficiency
Vo[2] oxygen consumption
VP Permanent ventriculoperitoneal
VP ventriculoperitoneal
VPA valproate
VQ ventilation-perfusion
VQI Vascular Quality Initiative
Vr PSV velocity ratio (PSV at the site of a stenosis divided by the PSV in a normal vessel segment proximal to the stenosis)
VR range Virologic
VRA Visual reinforcement audiometry
VRE vancomycin resistant enterococci
VRE vancomycin-resistant enterococci
VRE vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus
VRS viral rhinosinusitis
VS vestibular schwannoma
VSG vertical sleeve gastrectomy
VT ventricular tachycardia
VTE venous thromboembolic
VTE venous thromboembolism
VVA of vulvovaginal atrophy
VVA vulvovaginal atrophy
VVC Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis
VZV varicella (herpes) zoster
VZV varicella zoster virus
VZV varicella zoster virus.
VZV varicella-zoster virus
VZV Zoster Virus
V[max] maximal velocity
W watts
w week(s)
WAS Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome
WBC White blood cell
WBC white blood cell count
WBS whole body scan
WC waist circumference
WHI Women's Health Initiative
WHIM Warts
WHO World Health Organization
WIfI Wound Ischemia and foot Infection
wk week
wk week(s)
WPW Wolff-Parkinson-White
WR weak
WR weight regain
WWE women with epilepsy
XL extended release.
XLP X-linked lymphoproliferative disease
XOI xanthine oxidase inhibitor
XR radiography
y year
yr year(s)
ZDV zidovudine
ZOS zoster vaccine.